Keeping The Sabbaths Holy

The Seven Annual Sabbaths
and
Which Observance Method Should The Eternal's
"Chosen Few" Follow?

by D. J. Love, Minister, TSN
Updated 7-20-2004
Refined 4-7-2007


If you thought that The Eternal only had weekly Sabbath Days then you are mistaken. There are SEVEN Annual Holy Sabbath Days that occur once every year in addition to the weekly Seventh Day Sabbaths. These SEVEN days are the (1) first day and the (2) last day of the
Feast of Unleavened Bread, the (3) day of Pentecost (Shavuot) which coincides with the beginning of The Feast of Weeks, the (4) Day of Trumpets (Yom Teruah), the (5) Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur), the first (6) day of the Feast of Tabernacles (Succoth or Sukkat), and the (7) Last Great Day (also, Succoth). These Holy Days are spoken of in Leviticus chapter 23; Three of these annual Sabbaths are Feasts periods. Two of the Feast periods have been positively identified in Scripture as being seven day long periods (a week); The Feast of Weeks (aka Feast of First Fruits) is most probably, also, exactly seven days long (explained later). Feasts are "Appointed Times," but are not necessarily Holy Convocations (Sabbath Assemblies). However, four of the Seven Annual Sabbath Days (Holy Convocations) do fall within a feast period, and "The Last Great Day" immediately follows a seven day feast period. Only two Annual High Holy Sabbaths positively do not fall within a feast period (Yom Teruah and Yom Kippur). These are not Jewish laws, but The Eternal's Laws. Read Genesis 1:14, Psalm 81:3-5, Psalm 104:19, Leviticus 23:4, Exodus 12:2, 13:4, and Isaiah 66:23.


The Beginning of Months,
and
The Sacred Calendar



In order to properly observe The Seven Annual Sabbaths
(Holy Days), one must know when the beginning of The Eternal's Sacred Year and Calendar occurs. If you think that Satan (Human Nature) has completely missed the opportunity to confuse this important event, then you would be wrong. However, I am a firm believer that it is the Intent of ones Heart (Hebrews 4:12) that The Eternal judges concerning our attempts to obey these issues, and whenever ambiguity or chaos has caused confusion over an issue, then we are obligated to follow, as best as we can, until such a time as we receive a greater measure of understanding. The Annual Sabbaths (Holy days) were commanded as "Statutes Forever" (Leviticus 23:21,31,41). These Sabbaths have not been "Nailed to The Cross" anymore than forever has already occurred.

The "Beginning of Months"
(Abib 1st or Nisan 1st) is always the first new (dark) moon near the beginning of Spring. So The "Beginning of Months" always falls in Spring (symbolic of the beginning of new life), and by divine establishment (not Commandment) it almost always falls after the vernal (Spring) Equinox; which is approximately March 20th-21st every year. However, this needs to be verified by the length of visible day and visible night for the calendar days in Jerusalem that surround the time of "The Vernal Equinox". The year 2007 is (was or will be) just such a situation. In this particular year the visible daylight and darkness are equal at least four days prior to the equinox in Jerusalem; while the "New Moon" occurres a couple of days prior to the calculated Vernal Equinox, but after the equal daylight and darkness. Therefore, we go with the symbolism of "Light and Dark". Why? Because the symbolism of "Light and Dark" (Good and Evil) is what the Holy Days are all about in the first place.


Note: The word "Abib" (Strong's H24) does not mean young tender GREEN ears of grain or barley corn, as many believe, but rather incorporates this concept.


Even so, it is still the "New Moon" that determines "The Beginning of Months."



Note: It should be noted that if "The Beginning Of Months" were to be put off until the next new moon then that would force Sukkat (Succoth) to occur in late October, and that just never happens.


Note: The first time that the thin waxing (increasing light) crescent Moon is visible after a New Moon (low in the evening sky just after sunset) marks "The Beginning of Month" in "The Islamic Calendar". Obviously, this would not be visible during bad weather or heavy overcast skys.


The New Moon occurs when the Sun and Moon are quite close together in the sky; The Full Moon occurs when the Sun and Moon are at nearly opposite positions in the sky, which is why a Full Moon rises about the time of sunset, and sets about the time of sunrise, for most places on Earth.

Some believe that the Jews (Levitical Priesthood) first determined "The Beginning of Months" solely by observation of the first crescent of a new moon. However, observation of crescent moons alone cannot be the basis for Yahweh's Sacred Calendar, because Yahweh's Holy Days are divine appointments or times which Yahweh, not man, has established.


Romans 3:1-4
Then what advantage does the Jew have? Or what is the profit of circumcision?
2 Much in every way! Because first of all,
they (The Jews) were entrusted with the oracles of Yahweh.
3 For what if some were without faith?
Will their lack of faith make of no effect the faithfulness of Yahweh?
4 Certainly not! . . . .


Oracles; (Strong's # 3051); those laws, and ordinances (etc...) that are contained in the Tanakh, which include The Annual Sabbaths.


So what does this mean? It means that when (so called) true worshippers get so involved with the legality (hair splitting) of determining the Holy Day(s), interpretating Commandments, (etc. .), that they lose sight of the symbolic (allegorical or Spiritual) purpose, then they no longer have the Spirit that pleases Yahweh. This in no way nullifies or voids the "Intent" of Yahweh's Laws, ordinances, (etc. .), because it is the protected tangible (physical) symbols that serve Yahweh Spiritual purpose (as allegories OR physical to Spiritual parallels). This does not mean that we must trust the Jewish interpretation of Scripture; it means that it was their job to physically protect (hide or secure) the inspired words of Yahweh for the purpose of maintaining their value as symbols (parables, allegories, examples, ensamples, and shadows of things to come).


Note: The Sabbatarian Network no longer endorses the "Hebrew Calculated Calendar", as we believe that Yahweh deliberately chose "New Moons" and "Full Moons" for their (Light vs Darkness) symbolic value, and we believe that altering Yahweh's calendar destroys the Spiritual symbolism and the intent for using dark "New Moons" (unrighteousness or sin) and bright "Full Moons" (righteousness) in the first place. Whenever, mankind alters anything established by Yahweh for his own convenience, then mankind has selfishly placed himself before and above The Eternal.


However, for those of you who are interested in knowing more about the unscriptural "Calculated Calendar," you may find these Calculated Calendar Rules very informative.


Please make yourself aware, if you are not already aware, that all of The Eternal's "Annual Sabbaths" are designed by Him to teach those of us with "Ears to Hear" and "Eyes to See" about the True "Plan of Salvation." All Annual Sabbaths are physical examples of Spiritual Truths
(Anthropomorphisms), and are not to be followed as legalistic rules and regulations, but are to be used as a tool to understand and teach Spiritual Truths.

 









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The Calculated Calendar Rules


Rule One: Spring must have arrived on or before Abib 16.

Passover can be no earlier than two days before the spring or vernal equinox? Because when Passover falls on a Friday and the wavesheaf was cut the following Sunday, Abib 16, that Sunday must occur in spring (after a molad). Otherwise, the harvest would begin in winter. The Feast of Unleavened Bread must always be a spring Feast. Not one of Yahweh's Holy Days falls in the winter, as winter is symbolic of death.
Additionally, Pentecost must, also, occur in the spring. Yahweh's Holy Days must continue to be observed "in their season."

Rule Two: In ordering the calendar, the molad of the seventh and sacred month of Ethanim (Tishri) is of paramount importance. Though Abib is the beginning of the Sacred New Year, Ethanim (Tishri) is the beginning of the civil year, and is symbolic of the Coming Sacred Sabbath Millennium, but more importantly, it is the Sacred Seventh month, which is symbolic of the First Resurrection, the end of Satan's rule on Earth, and the establishment of Yahweh Kingdom on Earth. Ethanim 1st (Festival of Trumpets) rarely falls on the molad of Ethanim because there are four obstacles, delays, or considerations (dehiyyot) which may cause Ethanim 1st to be postponed one or even two days.

Consideration One: The Day of Atonement may never fall on Friday or Sunday, nor may Ethanim (Tishri) 21 (seventh or last day of the Feast of Tabernacles) fall on a weekly Sabbath. If the Day of Atonement were to fall on a Friday, there would be no possibility of preparing food for the weekly Sabbath. One would have to fast for two days instead of one. Likewise, if Atonement fell on Sunday, the cleaning and chores following the Sabbath would have to be postponed until Monday. Additionally, if Ethanim 21 fell on the weekly Sabbath, the first day of the Feast of Tabernacles and the Last Great Day would both fall on Sunday, and the Preparation for these High Days would have to be on the weekly Sabbath, which is not allowed. As a result, Ethanim 1st may never fall on a Sunday, Wednesday or Friday.

Consideration Two: States that if the molad is at noon or later, Ethanim 1st is delayed one day, or two days, if this would cause it fall on a prohibited day as in Consideration One. Note: the 24-hour day is figured as beginning at 6:00 P.M. at Jerusalem. Experience has shown that if the molad takes place before noon, then the new moon can be seen by an acute observer the same day near sunset, and that same day became the Ethanim 1st. If the molad occurs after midday, the new moon cannot be seen until the next day, and Ethanim 1st has to be delayed.

Consideration Three: If the molad in a common year falls on a Tuesday at 204 parts past 3:00 A.M. (i.e., 3:11 A.M. and 20 seconds), Ethanim 1st is delayed by two days. Since Consideration One forbids it from being postponed to Wednesday, it is now postponed to Thursday.

Consideration Four: States that when the molad of Ethanim (Tishri) immediately following a leap year
(not the same as the Gregorian Calendar) occurs on Monday at 15 hours, 589 parts (9:32 A.M. and 43-1/3 seconds), Ethanim 1st is delayed from Monday to Tuesday. See Encyclopedia Judaica article "Calendar," page 44.

Thus, the first day of a month in Yahweh's calendar may coincide with a new moon or it may be one or two days later. Although this may be confusing, we must remember that calculation has precedence over observation, and that the Holy Days must be kept in their proper season.

Rule Three: Passover (Abib 14) can only fall on a Monday, Wednesday, Friday or the Sabbath Day. There is a constant, fixed number of days between Passover and the Day of Trumpets (163 intervening days). There are no variable months or intercalary months between the first month of the Sacred New Year, and seventh month (the Month that symbolizes The Return of the Messiah to establish Yahweh's Kingdom on Earth). Therefore, since the Day of Trumpets cannot fall on a Sunday, Wednesday or Friday; Passover and all the other Holy Days (except "Pentecost" or "Feast of First Fruits") cannot possibly occur on three unique days of the week. To put it another way, each Holy Day other than Pentecost can occur on only four days of the week. Pentecost itself, always falling on a Sunday.


Leviticus 23:9-16
9 Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
10 Speak to the children of Israel, and tell them, When you are come into the land which I give to you, and shall reap the harvest of it, then you shall bring the sheaf of the first-fruits of your harvest to the priest
(Presently Yahshua):
11 and he shall wave the sheaf before Yahweh, to be accepted for you: on the
next day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it.
12 In the day when you wave the sheaf, you shall offer a he-lamb without blemish a year old for a burnt offering to Yahweh.
13 The meal-offering of it shall be two tenth parts of an ephah of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire to Yahweh for a sweet savor; and the drink-offering of it shall be of wine, the fourth part of a hin.
14 You shall eat neither bread, nor parched grain, nor fresh ears (corn), until this same day, until you have brought the offering of your Yahweh: it is a statute
forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
15
You shall count to you from the next day after the Sabbath (Sunday), from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave-offering; seven Sabbaths shall there be complete (7 x 7 = 49 complete days):
16 even to the next day
(49 + 1 = 50 days) after the seventh Sabbath (49th day) shall you number fifty days (the 50th day); and (then / Sunday) you shall offer a new meal-offering to Yahweh.


Rule Four: The years 3, 6, 8, 11, 14, 17 and 19 of every nineteen-year time cycle are leap years with a thirteenth month.





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